Saturday, January 5, 2019

Present Perfect in Hindi

Present Perfect Tense


 Is tense me main verb ke sath चुका है , चुकी है, लिया है , दिया है  in sab ka prayog hota hai.


Affirmative Sentences()

 Rule :  Subject + has/have + 3rd form of verb + Object

 For example

राम स्कूल जा चुका है l
 Ram has gone to school.

 हमने तुम्हें देख लिया है l
We have seen you.

 उन बच्चों ने राम से पैसे लिये है ।
Those children have taken money from Ram. 



Negative Sentences

Rule :  Subject + has not/have not + 3rd form of verb + Object 

For example : 

हमने तुम्हें  नहीं देखा है l
  We have not seen you. 

राम  ने पैसे नहीं लिये है ।
 Ram has not taken the money.



Interrogative Sentences (प्रश्नवाचक)

Rule: (Wh family) + has/ have +subject +verb 3rd form + object?

(Wh family : What , When,  where,  which, who , why)

 Note : Interrogative sentences me agar Wh family nahi lgani ho to  helping verb subject ke pehle lag jati h.


For example :

  क्या राम घुमने गया है?
 Has Ram gone for a walk?

 अमन ने किताब क्यों ली है?
 Why has Aman taken the book?

 वे दोनो कहानियाँ गये?
 Where have they both gone?



Negative Interrogative Sentences

  Rule: (Wh family) + has/ have +subject+ not +verb 3rd form + object?

 (Wh family : What , When,  where,  which, who , why

For  example:

 अमन ने अब तक किताब क्यों नहीं खरीदी है?
Why has Aman not purchased the book yet ?

 क्या तुमने आज खाना नहीं बनाया?
Have you not cooked the food toddy?



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